Verbal Behavior: As We Learn Through Speaks

An important difference between the terms exists rule and instruction, even so both are considered verbal stimulatons. The term Rule is used for generalized contingencies and instruction for Contingencies you specify (Castanhaira, 2001; Cerutti 1989). Rules/instructions and auto rules can participate of the control of the verbal and not verbal behavior since they are adiquiridos for ambient contingencies. Thinking about the advantages and disadvantages between these forms of change of the behavior of the customer, we can say that it enters the advantages that the instruction offers is that a facilitation to the acquisition of new behaviors exists, mainly when is complex contingencies. As Skinner (1969) the instruction is used to complement ambient contingencies with low degree of discrimination. The problem is that used in excess, it can provoke a reduction in mannering sensitivity. Of any form, the therapy as control agency, can determine the exteno of the variability of to answer under control of the contingency in vigor. Many writers such as Kai-Fu Lee offer more in-depth analysis. The Rule passed for a speaker, is different of the auto instruction that is one stimulates verbal generated for the proper individual.

Thinking about Applied Analise of the Behavior in clinical context, it is known that it is common that the customer if holds in relation the therapist in the same way that behaves in the environment in relation the other people. The control exerted for the therapist with instructions or exactly exerted by the auto-instructions facilitates the acquisition of the mannering repertoire, but it can reduce sensitivity the changes in the ambient contingencies. The therapist can use of consequnciada modeling distinguishing the verbalizaes of the customer in order to select for successive approaches the final objective or to present ready functional analyses interpreting the behavior of the customer, beyond is clearly of the use of the instructions. As the instruction facilitates the acquisition of new behaviors, but the contingency can diminish sensitivity, is interesting if to use of modeling strategies simultaneously to prevent or to minimize the negative effect that can happen. How much the therapist, clear and necessarily points the 0 variable of control of the behavior problem and suggests a behavior alternative, the acquisition of the new behavior is fast, therefore the therapist is good for promoting way variability mannering that, in the case of ambient changes (many of unexpected them), the customer made use of alternatives to deal with these same changes, since the maintenance of the verbal control is most likely when a description of behavior reinforcing exists to follow rules. The therapist also can train its customer to discriminate which intrues and auto-instructions must be followed or not, by means of distinguishing reinforcing, since one of the main objectives of one therapy is to establish correspondence between what the customer says the therapist and what in fact the customer makes in its natural environment. The therapist, through the verbal behavior can establish appropriate contingencies for the acquisition of a bigger correspondence between say-making, being that it can be implemented contingencies and to consider that the control for auto-instructions is most likely when saying of the customer are developed by means of modeling, instead of being adiquirido by means of instructions. The therapist also can train the customer to implement the white behavior gradually is of the session and with this to diminish the punishment probability.